This session should be completed once weekly, and is aimed at improving aerobic endurance, strength and fatigue resistance. This run should ideally be completed over natural undulating terrain and at a moderate/comfortable intensity for the duration of the run.
Training for Metung’s 10k Event
Source – Ben Wisbey https://marathon.coach/
Training for the 10km
Without writing an individualised training program it is difficult to establish a weekly training program. This program provides key sessions and lets you structure the weekly key sessions into your working week.It is important that you have at least one easy day or day off between all hard days. Hard days are those days in which you complete the key sessions that are listed below.
Essential Sessions for the 10km
The three key sessions that we will use to prepare you for the 10km are a longer aerobic run, a speed/VO2 session, and a session we will term cruise intervals. The 6- week training program is detailed below, however a summary of each session type is first required.
This weekly intensity session has two components to it. Each of these components will be emphasised at different times of the training program.
The speed portion of the session is conducted as a series of high-speed efforts ranging from 200-300m in length. These efforts are aimed at improving your maximal speed and running economy. This improved running economy will filter down to slower speeds as well, such as your 10km race speed. Each speed repetition is conducted in a fresh state, to allow to you hold good posture, and achieve high speeds. While these efforts are done at a high speed, they should not be a maximal sprint; focus on being fast, tall and in control of your technique.
The second part of the session is conducted after 4-5 minutes of easy running to allow recovery from the speed repetitions. These VO2 intervals are slightly longer, ranging in distance from 600-1000m in length. The aim is to boost your VO2 Max., sustainable running speed and increase your understanding of pacing. Between each effort a short recovery of between 90 seconds and 2 minutes is had, thus only partial recovery is allowed.
These sessions should be completed on a track such as Howitt Park, or the river loop is ok.
Cruise intervals are slightly longer intervals done at a speed a little slower than 10km race pace. The aim of cruise intervals is to improve anaerobic threshold, strength and running economy.
These intervals should not be done too hard, as this negates the purpose of the session. However, by doing 4-7 minute intervals the session becomes quite stressful. Ideally, this session should be conducted on natural terrain that is predominantly flat, with a few small rises, such as ovals or golf course.
All sessions should begin with a 10-12 minute warm-up. This should be made up of 6- 8 minutes of easy jogging and then some drills to take your limbs through a wide range of motion, such as high knees and butt kicks.
It is also a good option to complete some short stride outs, especially prior to speed sessions.It is also essential to complete an 8-10 minute cool down at the end of each session. This will enhance recovery will allow you to back up for your next session feeling fresher and ready to go.
In the program detailed below, the duration of the weekly long run includes 10 minutes of warm-up and 10 minutes of cool down. So, when a 60 minute run is scheduled, this includes 10 minutes warm-up as above, 40 minutes at the desired pace/intensity, and then 10 minutes cool down.
The key weekly sessions are outlined in the program below. There is only 3 sessions that need to be completed as part of the structured program each week. However, for those runners wanting to break 40 or 50 minutes, it is important to supplement these 3 key sessions with some lower intensity recovery runs. These runs can be completed 1-3 times weekly and should consist of 25-40 minutes of easy running. They should not be stressful at all, and in most cases you should finish the run feeling better than you did at the beginning.
The speed and intensity at which key sessions are completed is extremely important, and the suggestions should be followed closely. You might think, “if I run faster in the VO2 intervals, then I will improve more”. This is not the case! It is a matter of following the set paces, as these are the intensities designed to improve specific aspects of your running for a 10k race, as outlined in ‘The Physiology of a 10k’.
It is important that runners who are aiming for times between 40, 50 and 60 minutes adjust the paces accordingly.
After each suggested pace in Figure 1. there is a number in brackets representing the suggested exertion or intensity. This number is out of 10, with 1 being easiest and 10 being maximal. When completing a 10k race the perceived exertion you would expect would be approximately a 7-8 out of 10. Although the paces may be different for each group, the perceived intensity should still be the same as we are trying stimulate the same training response.
Figure 1. Suggested Paces and Intensities for Key 10k Training Sessions
The 6-week Training Program for your 10km Event
Figure 2. 6-week 10km Training Program
Other Aspects of 10km Performance
Achieving your 10km goals is not just about completing the key sessions. There are other important aspects of performance. Remember to follow a sensible nutritional plan, from day to day, and pre and post training.
Stretching is also an essential aspect of training. Stretching should be completed after each training session, as well as during designated stretching sessions 2-3 times per week. Improved flexibility will reduce the chance of injury, reduce fatigue, and improve running efficiency.
Recovery is another crucial part of your training program that is often overlooked. Without adequate recovery, all those hard training sessions will not have time to sink in and cause an adaptive response. So allow plenty of time between sessions, get regular massage if possible, stretch, take it easy when you’re feeling run down, allow plenty of time for sleep each night, and eat within 30 minutes of finishing your training sessions.
This program should provide a well-rounded developmental program as you progress towards achieving your goals in the 10km event. This program should allow for some speed development as well as laying a solid foundation of endurance, strength and economy from which to build on in the future.
Good luck with your 10km event.
Ben Wisbey is a coach and sports scientist for FitSense Australia and Endurance Sports Training. Ben offers individualised training programs through Endurance Sports Training. For more information on programs go to marathon.coach